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Yangon is the business capital and the gateway to Myanmar by air and sea, adorned with idyllic lakes, shady parks and green tropical vegetation. Yangon was founded as Dagon in the early 11th century by the Mon, who dominated Lower Myanmar at that time. Dagon was a small fishing village centered around the Shwedagon Pagoda. In 1755, King Alaungpaya conquered Dagon, renamed it Yangon which means end of strife, and added settlements around Dagon. The British captured Yangon during the First Anglo-Myanmar War (1824–26) but returned it to the Burmese administration after the war. The city was destroyed by a fire in 1841.Yangon has a tropical monsoon climate. Until the mid 1990s, Yangon remained largely constrained to its traditional peninsula setting between the Bago, Yangon and Hlaing rivers. Present Yangon area is 598.75 square kilometers. Yangon stands as a capital of Myanmar until 2006. Yangon has the largest number of colonial buildings in Southeast Asia today.

The Shwedagon Pagoda

It is 99 metres (325 ft) high. The pagoda lies to the west of Kandawgyi Lake, on Singuttara Hill, thus dominating the skyline of the city. It is famous for its wonderful architectural design and it was built about 2600 years ago. It is the most sacred Buddhist pagoda for Myanmar people with relics of the past with four Buddhas enshrined within, namely the staff of Kakusandha, the water filter of Koṇāgamana, a piece of the robe of Kassapa and eight hairs of Gautama the historical Buddha. A visit to Myanmar is incomplete without a visit to Shwedagon which is not only a historical site but also a renowned religious place of worship for the Buddhists.

Chaukhtatkyi Pagoda

It was built by Sir Po Tha in1908. It was totally destroyed during the Second World War and was rebuilt in 1957 as a reclining Buddha image and completed in 1966. The present statue measures 72 metres in length and 30 metres in height.


Botataung Pagoda

According to tradition it was built over 2500 years ago. It was known as Kyaik-de-att in Mon language. Botataung literally means "1000 military officers". It is one of the famous pagodas and located in downtown Yangon near the Yangon river. It is a hollow type stupa and enshrined a sacred hair of Gautama Buddha is enshrined within. It was completely destroyed during World War II in 1943, and was rebuilt after the war. The new pagoda is of original design and measures in height 131 ft and 8 inches ( 42 metres), on a base of 96 ft x 96 ft (32 metres x 32 metres). The main attraction is the stupa's hollow inside, which is lined with a mirrored maze-like walkway lined.

National Museum

It is the main museum of art, history and culture in Myanmar. Founded in 1952, the five-story museum has an extensive collection of ancient artifacts, ornaments, works of art, inscriptions and historic memorabilia, related to history, culture and civilization of Burmese people. One of which being the golden throne of King Thibaw , the last king of Konbaung Dynasty, dating back to the 19th century. It is open from 10:00 to 16:00.

Bogyoke Aung San Market

It was built in 1926, late in the British rule of Myanmar, and was named after James George Scott, the British civil servant who introduced football to Myanmar. After 1948, it was renamed Bogyoke (General) Aung San Market. A new wing of the market was added across Bogyoke Market Road in the 1990s. It is the main shopping complex of the city where one can find almost everything, including jewellery, paintings and sculptures. The market opens from 9:00 to 17:00 daily except on Mondays and gazetted holidays.


Sule Pagoda

It was built around 2000 years ago. It incorporated the original Indian structure of the stupa, which initially was used to replicate the form and function of a relic mound. It is believed to enshrine a hair of the Buddha. The dome structure, topped with a golden spire, extends into the skyline, marking the cityscape. This pagoda is situated right in the heart of Yangon city near the city hall. One distinctive feature of the pagoda is its octagonal shape. The ancient Mon name is Kyaik Athoke. It measures 48ms in height.



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